Habitat/Land Management

for land management pageThe backbone of Quail Forever is the unique system of county chapters that provides incentive for chapter leaders to raise money for pheasant habitat in their own area. All net funds (100%) raised by chapters remains at the local level.

Local control of the funds and the freedom to spend those funds means county-by-county prioritization of habitat needs. Local control means access to the network of contacts that chapter leaders have to the landowning public and to natural resources professionals. Local control means there is an incredible incentive to raise more to do more, and to wisely shepherd funds. Local control also means the ability to generate tremendous support from both the general membership and local businesses by presenting a product that local sportsmen and women can see, touch and walk on.

As an open country bird species, quail have the ability to range all over North America. They are able to adapt to a vast array of climates, from Canada to the gulf coast and from the east coast to Colorado. Unfortunately, quail populations have drastically declined over the last 30 years due to a lack of habitat. Quail need grasslands, bare ground, seed-producing plants and shrubs for nesting, food and cover. Urban sprawl and an increase in intensified agriculture have resulting in the largest decrease of quail habitat. Quail Forever concentrates its habitat project efforts on fulfilling the biological needs of the bobwhite, as well as on the preservation of permanent areas for other wildlife. Keep reading for more information on quail habitat structure.

Image for Land Management page The following information was generously contributed from "On the Edge" a publication of the Conservation Commission of Missouri

Crop Fields

image for Land Management Page

Quail need a vast array of types of food in their diet to be thriving during the winter months and to have a high reproductive year during the growing season. This diet consists of crops such as corn, milo, millet, sorghum, sunflowers and soybeans. Receiving a wide variety of these nutrients allows for quail to meet all of their energy needs.

In places with very few types of grassland it is necessary that crop fields use a variety of applications for cropping in order to assist quail populations.

Some examples include:

  • Strip cropping - 50 to 100 foot grass strips allow for greater nesting and brood rearing.
  • Plant and rotate quail-friendly crops - Crops such as cotton, rice and cucumbers provide few benefits to quail. Rotate various crops such as those listed above. The crops that provide the greatest benefits for quail are corn and milo.
  • Create Buffers - These protect against soil erosion as well as provide nesting, brooding and roosting habitat.
  • Use less herbicides - herbicides that eradicate all weeds are great for crops, but not for quail. Eliminate use of herbicides on the outer two rows of your fields that allows for quail cover and protection.
  • Over-seed winter wheat - Leave the field idle after harvest. This allows for a great brood habitat during the latter summer months and winter.


Image for Land Management page Grasslands were the primary source of nesting and brooding for quail, when their populations were at climax. Today, grasslands are fewer and far between, but when managed properly it can be used successfully for the improvement of quail populations.

There are a variety of ways in which you can protect and maintain your pastures and grassland for quail populations. If not maintained tall-fescue pastures can be extremely harmful for quail. These can be maintained by planting and protected various shrubs, not mowing your pastures, grazing and over-seeding to encourage seed-producing plants for quail food and disking to reduce tall fescue.

Additional type's grasslands include cool and warm season pasture grasses as well as cool and warm season grass hayfields, all of which provide excellent habitat for quail. These can be maintained in a variety of ways. Planting different varieties of grasses, three-four year burning intervals, controlling woody invaders and planting native legumes and wildflowers allow for a great range of diversity in nesting and brooding cover for quail populations.

Forest and Woodlands

Woods Essential for a quail's winter cover, forest and woodlands are great places for quail to remain concealed and covered from predators as well. Maintain a good forest edge of briars, brambles, grasses and weeds that are ideal for quail on the edge of forests. You can also plant blackberry, plum, greenbriar, coral berry, sumac, grape and rough-leaved dogwood along the outside edge. Allow the forest canopy to be broken in order to establish lower growing plants. This can be done in woodland areas through forest thinning.

Idle Areas

Image for Land Management page Many landowners have idle areas in which land cannot be used for cropland, grazing or haying. These areas can be great assets for quail. They must be maintained and still need disturbance to stay productive for quail. Tall fescue crowds quail and can be removed by using limited herbicides, burning or disking areas. Trees also should be thinned out to allow for greater quail habitat. Too many trees shades out grasses, shrubs, native legumes, wildflowers and annual weeds which quail utilize for cover.

Fencerows and Drainages

Wetland Additional habitat for quail can be in fencerows and drainage ditches if it is left undisturbed and populated with fescue, brome and trees. Maintain these by trimming hedges and spraying fescue and trees. Spot spray invading trees and fescue in the fall or spring. Finally, leave your brush piles to provide immediate cover for quail. These allow for quail to walk through, but inhibit large animals from doing the same.


Savanna Savannas consist of a scattering of post and blackjack oak trees or short-leaf pine trees as well as variety of shrubs. Ground cover allows for quail to thrive in these areas where grass, legumes and wildflowers are highly abundant. Savannas appear less often than ever and restoring them is hard work. Cutting trees and allowing for periodic burning are the best ways to establish this form of quail habitat.

Recent Habitat News

Two Quail Forever, One Pheasants Forever Chapter Form in California

March 07, 2014

California is home to two new Quail Forever (QF) chapters and one new Pheasants Forever (PF) chapter. Residents from San Diego County formed the San Diego QF chapter, Bakersfield residents formed the South Valley QF chapter, while residents from Plumas County formed the Indian Valley PF chapter. The groups are dedicated to habitat improvement that benefits upland birds, waterfowl, deer and other local wildlife as well as being focused on getting today’s youth outdoors.


Four National Conservation Organizations Team Up for Conservation

February 21, 2014

Four of the nation’s largest wild bird conservation organizations have joined forces to ensure that wild bird habitat conservation and our shared hunting heritage remain strong for generations to come. Ducks Unlimited (DU), the National Wild Turkey Federation (NWTF), Pheasants Forever (PF) and Quail Forever (QF) recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the goal of furthering sporting traditions across North America.


QF Praises 2014 Farm Bill, Now Law, For Key Conservation Measures

February 07, 2014

Today, President Obama signed the Agricultural Act of 2014, commonly known as the farm bill, into law. Pheasants Forever and its quail division, Quail Forever, praised the President for his action, as well as the bipartisan House and Senate support leading to its signature. The farm bill addressed Pheasants Forever and Quail Forever’s top conservation priorities: reauthorizing vital USDA conservation programs, re-linking conservation compliance to crop insurance and “sodsaver,” or native prairie, protection.


Kentucky Quail Hunters Form Two Quail Forever Chapters

December 18, 2013

Kentucky is home to two new Quail Forever chapters. Residents from Hardin County have formed the Lincoln Trail Chapter of Quail Forever, while residents from Boon, Kenton, Campbell, and Grant counties have formed the Northern Kentucky Chapter of Quail Forever. Both groups are dedicated to habitat improvement that benefits upland birds, waterfowl, deer, and other local wildlife.


Quail Forever Hires Kansas Native as First Senior Farm Bill Wildlife Biologist

December 12, 2013

Zac Eddy of St. John was recently selected as Pheasants Forever (PF) and Quail Forever’s (QF) first senior farm bill wildlife biologist. Prior to his promotion, Eddy worked as a farm bill wildlife biologist, working with landowners to enroll in state and federal conservation programs. In his new role, Eddy will act as a team leader for Kansas farm bill wildlife biologists, while continuing to work with local landowners for habitat improvement.